Onion and garlic are the world famous spice commodities used for flavouring the dishes. Besides culinary purposes, these are considered as valuable medicinal plants. The fungicidal and insecticidal properties of garlic are well established. Dehydrated powder & flakes and paste prepared out of onion and garlic provide rich agro-industrial base for these commodities.
Realizing the importance of onion and garlic in the country, ICAR established National Research Centre for Onion and Garlic in VIII Plan with its headquarter at Nasik in 1994. However, due to some working constraints, the Centre was shifted to Rajgurunagar on 16 June 1998. Over the years, the centre has created good facilities for field and laboratory work. The centre has been upgraded to Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research since December 2008. Besides this, an All India Network Project on Onion & Garlic with 28 participating centres all over the country has been established.
Training organized under Public Private Partnership
In 2013, ICAR-Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research had signed an MoU with M/S Jindal Crop Sciences Pvt. Ltd., Jalna and licensed onion variety Bhima Super. Under this PPP mode M/S Jindal Crop Sciences Pvt. Ltd is producing the seed of this variety and marketing it in India. In order to facilitate the production of quality seed of this variety, a two- days training programme was organized for the seed producers and distributors at DOGR during 28-29th April 2015. Sixty participants from Pune, Jalna, Nasik, Ahmad Nagar and Aurangabad districts of Maharashtra, attended this programme. They were educated about the seed production methods and standards and also about the onion varieties and their production and protection technologies. Field visits were also arranged to demonstrate the technologies. The training was sponsored by M/S Jindal Crop Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
17th Research Advisory Committee (RAC) Meeting of Directorate
The seventeenth Research Advisory Committee meeting of Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research was held on 24-25th March, 2015 at Rajgurunagar under the chairmanship of Dr. Y.S. Nerkar, Former VC-MPKV, Rahuri. Other members who attended the meeting were Dr. C.S. Pathak, Advisor-Vegetable Research, Nath Bio-Genes (I) Ltd., Aurangabad, Dr. R.P. Gupta, Director, NHRDF, Nashik, Dr. K.S. Ravi, Leader-Vegetable Research, Mahyco, Bangalore, Dr. Srinivasan, Formerly Professor, NRC for Plant Biotechnology, New Delhi, Dr. Himanshu Pathak, Professor, Centre for Environmental Science, IARI, New Delhi, Mr. Suryakant Palande, Ex-MLA, Shirur, Pune, Dr. Jai Gopal, Director, DOGR, and Dr. V. Mahajan, Member Secretary.
In his opening remarks, Dr. Jai Gopal presented an overview of DOGR and its programmes to this newly constituted RAC. Action Taken Report was presented by Dr. V. Mahajan and the same was approved. The progress made in various research projects was presented by the respective scientists. The RAC expressed satisfaction regarding action taken report, the activities and the progress made. Several recommendations pertaining to different research projects were made. The RAC also visited research farm and laboratories. They highly appreciated the well management of the research activities, the experimental fields and the upkeep of the institute.
नंदुरबार के आदिवासी परिसर में प्रशिक्षण कार्यक्रम का आयोजन
कृषि विज्ञान केंद्र, नंदुरबार के सहयोग से टीएसपी योजना के तहत नंदुरबार के आदिवासी परिसर में "प्याज और लहसुन की वैज्ञानिक खेती” पर तीन दिवसीय प्रशिक्षण कार्यक्रम का आयोजन किया गया। पहला प्रशिक्षण सरस्वती महिला बचत गट, पालीपाडा के प्रक्षेत्र पर 19 मार्च 2015 को, दुसरा प्रशिक्षण जय गणेश शेतकरी गट, निंबोनी के प्रक्षेत्र पर 20 मार्च 2015 को तथा तीसरा प्रशिक्षण जय किसान शेतकरी गट, पाल्शी के प्रक्षेत्र पर 21 मार्च 2015 को आयोजित किया गया । विभिन्न स्थानों से कुल 200 किसानों ने कार्यक्रम में भाग लिया। किसानों द्वारा डीओजीआर की प्रौद्योगिकी को अपनाने और वाणिज्यिक फसल के रूप में प्याज और लहसुन की खेती करने पर जोर दिया गया। डॉ. अमर जीत गुप्ता, वरिष्ट वैज्ञानिक एवं नोडल अधिकारी ने "प्याज और लहसुन की वैज्ञानिक खेती” पर व्याख्यान दिया जबकि श्री विश्वनाथ, वैज्ञानिक ने “प्याज के गुणवत्तायुक्त बीजोत्पादन” पर व्याख्यान दिया । प्याज के भीमा शक्ती के कंद उत्पादन पर 16 प्रदर्शनी, लहसुन के भीमा ओमकार के कंद उत्पादन पर 2 प्रदर्शनी और प्याज के भीमा किरण, भीमा राज, भीमा शुभ्रा एंव भीमा श्वेता के बीजोत्पादन पर 6 प्रदर्शनी किसानों के प्रक्षेत्र पर लगायी गयी हैं । डीओजीआर के सिफारिश के अनुसार सभी प्रदर्शन परीक्षणों मे ड्रिप सिंचाई सुविधा प्रदान की गयी हैं ।
Onion Farmer Bags Innovation Award
Shri. N. Y. Adhau, a progressive onion farmer of Deulgaon, District Akola has been selected for Innovative Farmer Award by IARI, New Delhi for 2014-15. The award will be presented during Pusa Krishi Vigyan Mela being held at IARI during 10-12 March, 2015.
Shri. Namdeorao Yadavrao Adhau was nominated by this Directorate (ICAR-DOGR) for his contribution to onion cultivation in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Once a trainee of DOGR, Shri. Adhau has popularized ‘Bhima Shubhra’ – a white onion variety developed by ICAR-DOGR, Pune. He had purchased 5 kg seed of Bhima Shubhra from ICAR-DOGR and raised onion crop as recommended by ICAR-DOGR. He obtained a record marketable yield of 21 tons/acre of good quality onion bulbs and earned a net profit of Rs. 2.5 lakhs. Impressed by the performance, he decided to disseminate the technology to the farmers in his vicinity. He has formed a group of 300 farmers and cultivated Bhima Shubhra in more than 750 acres area. Mr. Adhau displayed the bulbs of Bhima Shubhra in various exhibitions including Krishi Vasant 2014 at CICR, Nagpur. Hon’ble President of India Shri Pranab Mukharjee was very impressed by the quality of Bhima Shubhra onion bulbs displayed in Krishi Vasant exhibition and remarked it as the ‘King of Onion’.
A new white onion variety 'Bhima Safed' for Kharif
In the recently held Annual Group Meeting of All India Network Research Project on Onion & Garlic at Davengere, Karnataka on 6-7th February, 2015, white onion line developed by the Directorate of Onion & Garlic Research, Rajgurunagar has been recommended for release. This line ‘NRCWO-3’ has been christened as ‘Bhima Safed’. It is suitable for cultivation in Chhatisgarh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu. This is a medium maturing (110-120 days) variety having white, round to oval bulbs of mainly 70-80 g. It has 11-12% TSS and is thus suitable both for table and processing. Its average yield in multilocational trials in the recommended zones was 185 q/ha. It has less than 5% doubles and bolters.
Onion variety “Bhima Red” licensed
Onion variety “Bhima Red” has been licensed by Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research (DOGR) to M/s. Safalmantra Agro Farms Private Limited (SAFPL), Navi Mumbai.A Memorandum of Understanding in this regard was signed by the Directorate with SAFPL on 12/11/2014.SAFPL is all women lead organization, in the business of producing and marketing sustainable agro-products.As per MoU, DOGR has extended a non-exclusive license to SAFPL for seed production and distribution of Bhima Red.Bhima Red is a high yielding onion variety recommended for cultivation in kharif season in Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamilnadu, in late kharif season in Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra and for rabi in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.It matures in 105-110 days after transplanting in kharif season and in 110-120 days after transplanting in late kharif and rabi seasons. The MoU will promote the cultivation of this variety by ensuring the better availability of quality seed to the farmers.