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ICAR - Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research

Onion and garlic are the world famous spice commodities used for flavouring the dishes.  Besides culinary purposes, these are considered as valuable medicinal plants.  The fungicidal and insecticidal properties of garlic are well established.  Dehydrated powder & flakes and paste prepared out of onion and garlic provide rich agro-industrial base for these commodities.

Realizing the importance  of  onion and garlic  in  the country,  ICAR established  National Research Centre for Onion and Garlic in VIII Plan with its headquarter at Nasik in 1994.  However, due to some working constraints, the Centre was shifted to Rajgurunagar on 16 June 1998. Over the years, the centre has created good facilities for field and laboratory work.  The centre has been upgraded to Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research since December 2008. Besides this, an All India Network Project on Onion & Garlic with 28 participating centres all over the country has been established. 


ICAR-DOGR organized Kisan Sanghosti at Khairewadi village

Kisan Sanghosti to emphasize the importance of Integrated Pest Management Strategies for  onion insect pest and disease management was organized at Khairewadi village of Pune district on 30-11-2016. The meeting was organised by ICAR-DOGR in collaboration with ICAR-NCIPM, New Delhi under the project: Formulation, Validation and Promotion of Adaptable IPM Technology for Bulb (Onion). Fifty onion growers including women of Khairewadi village, representatives of local run NGO, Harita attended the Sanghosti. During this meeting Dr. V. Mahajan (Director, ICAR-DOGR) briefed the importance, benefit, approaches and available technological of IPM in onion cultivation. Dr. HR Sardana, Pr. Scientist (ICAR-NCIPM) has elaborated the important eco-friendly approaches as well as ETL based use of reduce risk insecticides for onion thrips management. Dr. S.J. Gawande, Senior Scientist (ICAR-DOGR) explained in details of onion disease and DOGR developed technologies for onion pests and disease. Dr. Narayan Bhat, Principal Scientist (ICAR-NCIPM) and Dr V. Karuppaiah Scientist (ICAR-DOGR) also interacted with the farmers during the meeting. 


Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra, Secretary, DARE & DG, ICAR visited DOGR

Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra, Secretary, DARE & Director General, Indian Council of Agricultural Research visited this Directorate on 21-22nd October 2016 and monitored the activities of the Directorate.  He also had discussion with the scientists & the staff and felicitated Dr. Jai Gopal, Director, ICAR-DOGR on the occasion of his retirement due on 31st October 2016.  He appreciated the work and achievements of this Directorate and gave valuable suggestions for further improvement.  DOGR staff thanks the DG for his whole hearted support to this Directorate and the valuable time spared by him for this visit.

Training organized under TSP in Nandurbar

ICAR-DOGR, Rajgurunagar organized three one-day training programmes on “Commercial cultivation of onion and garlic” under the TSP scheme in collaboration with KVK, Nandurbar on 4-6 October 2016. About 250 tribal farmers from various villages of Nandurbar attended the programme. These were organized for one day each at Harit Kranti Kisan Gat, Saurat; KVK, Nandurbar; and Jai Siyaram Setkari Gat, Kairve. Dr. A. J. Gupta, Nodal Officer (TSP) apprised the trainees about DOGR varieties and their performance in Nandurbar. Mr. R.M. Patil, SMS (Hort.) explained the raising of healthy onion seedlings. Mr. A.R. Wakhare trained farmers on quality seed production of onion. On 5th October 2016, Vegetable Grower Meet was organized by the KVK, Nandurbar for the TSP and other farmers.  Dr. A. J. Gupta delivered lecture on improved varieties of onion and garlic as well as impact of TSP in Nandurbar.

Unique multiplier onion genetic stock ‘DOGR-1549-Agg’ registered with ICAR-NBPGR

Amar Jeet Gupta, V. Mahajan, S. Anandhan and Jai Gopal

Multiplier onion (Allium cepa var. aggregatum) is mainly grown in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. It is famous for its use in Sambar preparation, an important South Indian dish and have high export potential also.  It produces small size bulbs, many in number, to form an aggregated cluster. It is normally propagated by bulblets. There are no early maturing multiplier onion varieties which could be suitable for both kharif and rabi. Hence, there is need to develop early maturing varieties in multiplier onion. The work in this direction led to development of an early maturing multiplier line DOGR-1549-Agg. This has been registered with ICAR-NBPGR, New Delhi. It has been provided the national identity, IC-0616539 and Registration No. INGR16006 vide approval of the Plant Germplasm Registration Committee (PGRC) of ICAR. ‘DOGR-1549-Agg’ is the first multiplier onion genotype registered with ICAR-NBPGR as an unique genetic stock. It is about one week earlier than popular variety CO-5 and is suitable for both rabi and kharif.  It has six uniform pink bulblets per bulb.

DOGR wins Five medals in Sports Tournament

The sports team of ICAR-DOGR participated in ICAR West Zone Sports Tournament 2016 at ICAR-National Research Centre on Camel during 24-27 September 2016. The team took part in badminton, table tennis, carom, chess and athletic events. Dr. P. S. Soumia won gold medal in women’s badminton single, silver medal in discus throw and bronze medal in short put. Dr. Pranjali Ghodke won bronze medal in discus throw. In women’s badminton doubles also, Dr. Soumia and Dr. Pranjali won silver medal. ICAR-DOGR congratulates them for keeping ICAR-DOGR flag high.

राजभाषा हिन्दी सप्ताह समारोह

भाकृअनुपप्याज एवं लहसुन अनुसंधान निदेशालय में दिनांक 8-14 सितम्बर, 2016 के दौरान हिन्दी सप्ताह  मनाया गया। सचिव राजभाषा द्वारा गतवर्ष हिन्दी में किए गए कार्यों और भविष्य में हिन्दी भाषा के प्रयोग पर विस्तृत चर्चा की गई। हिन्दी सप्ताह के दौरान निदेशालय के कर्मिकों के लिए विभिन्न प्रतियोगिताओं का आयोजन किया गया, जिनमें सभी वर्गों ने बढ़-चढ़कर भाग लिया। हिन्दी सप्ताह के समापन समारोह में मुख्य अतिथि श्री मितेश घट्टे, पुलिस उपाधीक्षक खेड तालुक तथा विशिष्ट अतिथि श्री संजय भारद्वाज, अध्यक्ष (हिन्दी अंदोलन परिवार) एवं निदेशालय के निदेशक डा. जय गोपाल ने कार्यक्रम की शोभा बढ़ाई। इस अवसर पर निदेशक महोदय ने निदेशालय में हिन्दी में की गई प्रगति एवं हिन्दी को बढ़ावा देने के लिए किए जा रहे प्रयासों पर प्रकाश डाला और निदेशालय की मुख्य उपलब्धियों का संक्षिप्त वर्णन दिया। निदेशालय से प्रकाशित हिन्दी राजभाषा पत्रिका कन्दिका के तृतीय अंक का विमोचन भी किया गया। इस समारोह में विभिन्न प्रतियोगिताओं में भाग लेने वाले सफल प्रतिभागियों को पुरस्कार प्रदान किए गए। तत्पश्चात श्री संजय भारद्वाज ने हिन्दी भाषा के प्रयोग, विश्व में हिन्दी का स्तर एवं उपलब्धियों से लोगों को अवगत कराया। ‍ श्री मितेश घट्टे ने अपने संभाषण में भरतीय संस्कृति और भाषा को बढ़ाने पर जोर दिया। डा. अमर जीत गुप्ता द्वारा धन्यवाद प्रस्ताव के साथ कार्यक्रम का समापन किया गया।


The ICAR-DOGR Logo gets Trade Mark

ICAR-DOGR logo has been registered as Trade Mark.  The logo symbolizes ‘onion and garlic’.  The large petal in red color represents ‘onion’ and small petal represents ‘garlic’.  The bottom arch indicates earth and the green color of the arch indicates the Agriculture.  Green background with text प्‍या ल अनु नि represents the name of the institute in Hindi ‘प्‍याज एवं लहसुन अनुसंधान निदेशालय.  DOGR is acronym for ‘Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research’.  Following registration, now ICAR-DOGR has the exclusive right on use of this logo as trade mark.  


The International Yoga Day was organized at ICAR-Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research, Rajgurunagar, Pune on 21st June 2016, in which all staff members participated.  Yoga lesson was delivered by Shri Yashwant Bombale and Shri Ramdas Tambe, Yoga Instructors from Patanjali Yog Peeth.  After welcoming the guests, Director spoke briefly on importance of Yoga.  The message for this occasion from the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India was read by the Nodal Officer, Shri Ram Bombale.  This was followed by 45 minutes yoga practice in which various yoga asans were performed by the staff members under the supervision of the yoga instructors.  The progamme ended with vote of thanks. 

DOGR Celebrates Foundation Day

The 19th Foundation Day of ICAR-Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research, Rajgurunagar, Pune was celebrated on 16th June 2016.  Besides the present and past DOGR staff, it was attended by 55 farmers from different states of India.  Dr. T.A. More, Ex-VC, MPKV, Rahuri was the Chief Guest, Dr. P.G. Adsule, Ex-Director, NRC Grapes, Pune, Dr. P.S. Naik, Ex-Director, IIVR, Varanasi and Dr. S.K. Sharma, Head, IARI RS, Pune were the guests of honour.  PIs from seven centres of All India Network Research Project on Onion and Garlic and their representatives were also present on this occasion.  Dr. Jai Gopal, Director, ICAR-DOGR welcomed the guests and presented brief summary of the DOGR achievements and benefit it resulted in for the farming community.  The Chief Guest and guests of honour appreciated the work being done by the DOGR and congratulated the staff on this occasion.  Ten progressive farmers of onion and garlic from different parts of India were also felicitated on this occasion for their contribution to onion and garlic cultivation.  Samples of onion and garlic brought by the farmers were also displayed.  Recently created infrastructural facilities i.e. exhibition-cum-communication centre, Library, AKMU and Conference Room in the new building of DOGR were inaugurated by the chief guest and guests of honour.  A talk on improved cultivation practices for onion and garlic was delivered for the benefit of the farmers.  They were also shown the onion and garlic activities being carried out at DOGR.  The programme ended with the vote of thanks and national anthem.


A two-days training on “Construction of low cost onion storage structure to improve bulb storability” was organized from 19-20th May, 2016 in tribal belts of Nandurbar under TSP scheme in collaboration with KVK, Nandurbar at fields of Saikrupa Shetkari Gat, Shravani; and Pragati Shetkari Purush Gat, Palsuun. A total of 145 farmers participated in the programme from different parts of Nandurbar. The farmers were trained for construction of low cost onion storage structure developed by ICAR-DOGR. The team of Dr. A.J. Gupta, Sr. Scientist (Hort.) & Nodal Officer (TSP), Dr.  A. R. Wakhare, Technical Officer and Mr. R.M. Patil, SMS (Hort.) who arranged the training, observed that almost all the demonstrations have been conducted successfully. Onion variety ‘Bhima Kiran’ produced 200 q per acre marketable bulb yield at the field of Merali Yaha Bachat Gat, Palipada. The farmers earned net income of Rs. 80,000/- per acre even when onion bulbs were sold at the rate of Rs. 6/- per kg.    



Onion variety DOGR-571-LR developed by ICAR-DOGR has been recommended for release in Annual Group Meeting of All India Network Research Project on Onion & Garlic held at Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh on 4-5 April, 2016.  It has been christened as ‘Bhima Light Red’.  It is recommended for cultivation in rabi season in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. It is a medium maturing (115 days after transplanting) variety having light red globe bulbs of about 70 g with thin neck and total soluble solids of 13%.  Its average yield in multilocation trials in the recommended zone was 385 q/ha.   Total weight losses after four months of storage was less than 25%. It is almost free of doubles and bolters.

Annual Workshop of Onion & Garlic (AINRPOG) organized at Kanpur

ICAR-Directorate of Onion & Garlic Research (DOGR), Rajgurunagar, Pune organized the VIth Annual Group meeting of All India Network Research Project on Onion and Garlic at Indian Institute of Pulse Research (IIPR), Kanpur in collaboration with Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology (CSAUAT), Kanpur on 4-5 April, 2016. The group meeting was attended by more than 80 delegates from various parts of the country. Farmers, students and other faculty members were also present.

The inaugural session was chaired by Dr. N. K. Krishna Kumar, DDG (HS), New Delhi. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Dean, College of Agriculture, CSAUAT, Kanpur and Dr. N. P. Singh, Director, IIPR, Kanpur were guests of honour. Welcome address was given by Dr. H. G. Prakash, Director Research, CSAUAT, Kanpur. Dr. Jai Gopal, Director, ICAR-DOGR, presented the project report wherein he elaborated the achievements of AINRPOG and possibilities of increasing area and production of onion and garlic in India. Emphasis was laid on development of onion hybrids, virus free planting material of garlic and weed management studies. Dr. Vijay Mahajan, Nodal Officer presented action taken report. Dr. B. Singh, Director, IIVR, Varanasi, Dr. R.P. Gupta, Director, NHRDF, Nasik, Dr. Dip Jyoti Rajkhowa, Joint Director, ICAR Res. Comples, Nagaland, Dr. J.R. Yadav and Dr. J.P. Srivastava, Ex- Prof. & Head, Veg. Sci., CSAUAT, Kanpur chaired various sessions and gave valuable input for refining the technical programme. Recommendation were finalized in plenary session which was chaired by  Dr. T. Janaki Ram, ADG (HS), ICAR, New Delhi. Dr. S. L. Goswami, Vice-Chancellor, CSAUAT, Kanpur was the Chief Guest on this occasion.  

One light red onion variety DOGR-571 was recommended for rabi season for South Zone VI based on results of Dharwad, Chitradurga, Bangalore and Coimbatore. One long day garlic variety CITH-G-3 was recommended for temperate zone of the country based on results of Almora, Srinagar and Mukteshwar. Two production technologies one on use of micronutrients and other on salicylic acid were also recommended for increasing the productivity of onion in the country.



Five varieties of onion & one variety of garlic of ICAR-DOGR have been notified vide Gazette Notification No. S.O.2277(E) (dated 20.8.2015) on the recommendation of Central Sub-Committee on Crop Standards, Notification and Release of Varieties for Horticultural Crops.


Notified for

Salient features




Bhima Kiran

Rabi season: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh

Light red bulbs, maturity 125-135 days, average yield 28-32 t/ha, potential yield 45 t/ha, storability 5-6 months.

Bhima Red

Kharif season: Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu

Rabi season: Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra

Red bulbs, maturity 105-110 days in kharif and 110-120 days in rabi, average yield 26-28 t/ha in kharif and 30-32 t/ha in rabi with potential yield up to 40 t/ha, storability 30-45 days in kharif and 90 days in rabi.

Bhima Dark Red

Kharif season: Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu

Dark red bulbs, maturity 100-110 days in kharif, average yield 22-24 t/ha, potential yield 32 t/ha, storability 2 months in kharif.

Bhima Shubhra

Kharif season: Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu

First white onion variety for kharif season, maturity 110-115 DAT, average yield 18-20 t/ha, potential yield 29 t/ha. Suitable for late kharif also with average yield 36-42 t/ha, potential yield 56 t/ha, storability 30 to 45 days in kharif

Bhima Shweta

Kharif season: Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu

Rabi season: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh

White bulbs, maturity 110-120 days, average yield 18-20 t/ha in kharif and 26-30 t/ha in rabi, potential yield 40 t/ha, storability 3 months in rabi.



Bhima Omkar

Rabi season: Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Delhi

White bulbs, maturity 120-135 days, average yield 10-12 t/ha, potential yield 14 t/ha, storability 6-8 months

THE ONION” – book released

A book – “THE ONION” edited by Drs. N.K. Krishnakumar,  Jai Gopal and V. A. Parthasarathy, has been released by Hon. Union Agriculture Minister, Shri. Radha Mohan Singh, on Sept. 22, 2015 in DAC-ICAR interface meeting. This publication from Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi contain 18 chapters covers all important aspect of onion research and development and written by experts in respective fields of onion. Hopefully, it would be a source of rich information for students and researchers and would be of great value for farmers and entrepreneurs alike.



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