Overview

Context and Rationale

The genera Allium includes hundreds of species that are cultivated worldwide for consumption as well as ornamental purposes. Commercially important edible alliums are onion, garlic, leek shallot, chive, etc.  Among   all cultivated  species onion and garlic are exclusively grown and consumed in the form of fresh,  processed  products  and in value added forms .They are known to have great medicinal  properties which are used to cure wide variety of human disorders. At global level, current onion production is to the tune of 88.47 million tonns and that of garlic 24.93 million tons. India is second largest producer of onion and garlic in the world with production of 20.93 and 1.62 million tons, coming from 1.32 million and 0.28 million hectares area, respectively. The productivity of long day onions range between 60 to 100 tons/ha, while that of short day onion, between 10 to 50 tons/ha.  Productivity of temperate garlic is between 20 to 40 tons/ha, while that of subtropical short day garlic ranges between 4 to 15 tons/ha.

With the increasing population worldwide and change in pattern of food habit, the demand for onion and garlic and other species is increasing. There is hardly any scope for horizontal growth of these commodities as other food and commercial crops compete for area. The world challenge is with vertical growth by enhancing productivity and availability through scientific and high-tech innovations. Scientists worldwide are engaged in developing better genotypes resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. Reduction in yield due to foliar diseases, pest, climatic aberrations, suboptimal management practises, are the major issues, besides average and poor genotypes. High storage losses reduce the net availability of these commodities. Fluctuations in demand and supply greatly affect the trade and farmer income. Thus challenges and constraints are many to be addressed for enhancing and sustaining enhanced productivity. In order to address the challenges and issues, in depth deliberations to analyse past developments and plan for future among scientists, policy makers, traders, farmers, regulatory authorities and other stakeholders are highly essential.

Indian society of Alliums in collaborations with ICAR–Directorate of Onion and Garlic Research, Rajgurunagar, Pune has planned to organize “International Symposium on Edible Alliums: Challenges and Opportunities” during 9-12 February, 2019 at Yashwantrao Chavan Academy of Development Administration, Pune (Maharashtra). The symposium is designed to provide common forum for discussion to researchers, students, farmers, policy makers, traders, seeds men to share their views on recent developments, challenges and mitigation strategies.

How to Register in International Symposium on Edible Alliums:Challenges and Opportunities