Impact of Sources and Levels of Sulphur Application on Growth, Yield and Quality parameters of Onion (Allium cepa L.)

M.N. Bhalekar, K.G. Shinde, D.H. Rathod, B.T. Patil

Abstract


The experiment was conducted on onion (Allium cepa L.) under All India Coordinated Research Project on Vegetable Crops, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri (MS) during 2010-11 to 2012-13.  The effect of two sources (gypsum and elemental sulphur) and four levels of sulphur in each source (0, 15, 30, and 45 kg S/ha) were studied along with NPK (100:50:50 kg/ha) in onion. Onion responded to sulphur levels significantly @ 15-45 kg S/ha over recommended dose of NPK. The yield was ranged from 395.94 to 563.43 q/ha for varying sources and levels of sulphur. With the increase in sulphur application from 0 to 45 kg/ha, a reduction in storage losses from 18.80 to 21.96% was observed for the period of 120 days. The pyruvic acid concentration increased from 4.92  mole g-1 with 45 kg S/ha as against NPK treatment (3.20  mole g-1). The results indicated that the sulphur application (15-45 kg S/ha) along with recommended dose of NPK fertilizers found beneficial for improving the yield, quality parameters and storability of onion bulbs. The application of 45 kg sulphur through gypsum source along with recommended dose of fertilizers (100:50:50 NPK kg /ha + 20 t FYM) has recorded the maximum B:C ratio of 6.42 as compared to control (5.42) receiving no sulphur in onion cv. N-2-4-1 for rabi season.

Keywords


Onion, Storability, Quality, Sulphur

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonymous. (2011). National Horticulture Board Database Govt. of India.

A.O.A.C. (1989). Official methods of Analysis. Association of Agriculture Chemists, Washington D.C.

Balsubrumaniam, A. S., Raman, G. V., & Moorthy, K. K. (1979). Effect of sulphur application on the yield and quality of onion (Allium cepa L.). Agil. Res. J. Kerela, 17(1), 138-140.

Chesnin, L., & Yien, C. H. (1950). Turbid metric determination of available sulphates: proceedings of Soil Sci. Soc. America.

Hamilton, B. K., Pike, L.M., & Yoo, K.S. (1997). Clonal variations of pungency, sugar content and bulb weight of onion due to sulphur nutrition. Scientia Hort. 71(3-4), 131-136.

Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

Kar, S., & Tiwari, R.S. (1997). Effect of sulphur on growth response and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.) cv. Pusa Red. Recent Hort., 4, 38-39.

Kumar, M., Das, D. K., Munish, P.S., & Chattopadhyay, T.K. (2000). Effect of zinc and sulphur application on the yield and post-harvest life of onion as affected by different methods of storage. Advances Pl. Sci. 13(1), 195-200.

Lancaster, J. E., Farrant, J., Shaw, J., Bycroft, B., & Brash, D. (2001). Does sulphur supply to the bulb affect storage of onions. Acta Hort., (ISHS) 555, 111-155.

Meena, O. S., & Singh, D. (1998). Effect of sulphur and zinc application on onion yield, sulphur and zinc uptake in three soil orders. J. Indian Soc. Soil. Sci., 46(4), 636-640.

Nagaich, K. N., Triviedi, S. K., & Rejesh, L. (1999). Effect of sulphur and potassium fertilization in onion (Allium cepa L.). South Indian Hort,. 46 (3-6), 266-271.

Panse, V. G., & Sukhatme, P. V. (1985). Statistical methods for Agricultural workers. ICAR, New Delhi. (pp. 158-162).

Paterson, D. R., (1979). Sulphur fertilization effects on onion yield and pungency. Progress Report 3551, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, (pp. 2).

Qureshi, A. A., & Lawande, K.E. (2006). Response of onion (Allium cepa L.) to sulphur application for yield, quality and its storability in S-deficient soils. Indian J. Agril. Sci., 76(9), 535-537.

Smittle, D. A., (1984). Responses of onion to sulphur and nitrogen fertilization. Research Report 455, Experiment Stations College of Agriculture, University of Georgia, (pp. 10).

Schwimmer, E. H., & Weston, K.V. (1961). Enzymatic development of Pyruvic acid in onion as a measure of pungency. J. Agric. Food Chem., 9, 301-304.

Tandon, H. L. S. (1995). Sulphur fertilizer for Indian Agriculture. A Guide Book, FDCO, New Delhi. (pp. 101).

Tandon, H. L. S., & Messick, D. L. (2002). Practical sulphur Guide, TSL, Washington DC, USA. (pp. 19).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 Online ISSN: 2581-9127