Ephestia cautella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): An Emerging Pest of Garlic in Storage

V. Karuppaiah, Soumia P.S., Priyanka D. Wagh, Major Singh

Abstract


Ephestia cautella (Walker) was recorded as new pest of garlic in storage. At first, pest infestation was noticed during August month in 30 days old harvested seed bulbs stored for next season. Pest activity observed throughout August-September month. The sampling for infestation at fortnight interval revealed that, maximum infestation up to 14 larvae in a sample was recorded at 45 days after storage (DAS). Presence of adult activity, webbed galleries and fecal matter in the stored bulbs were the mark of infestation. All the stages of the life cycle of the insects were observed on garlic. The total life cycle of moth last about 32.99 days while reared on garlic. The information on pest description, damage symptom and biology documented with this study would be helpful in early detection and monitoring of this pest on garlic at storage and future research to managing this emerging pest. This is a new record of E. cautella from Maharashtra.

Keywords


Ephestia cautella, Tropical warehouse moth, Biology, Garlic pest, Storage

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chandra, A., & Tiwari S. K. (2014). Effects of Chlorpyrifos-Methyl against the Third-instar Larvae of Almond moth, Ephestia cautella Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Academic Journal of Entomology, 7(4), 140-144.

Allotey, J., & Goswami, L. (1990). Comparative biology of two phycitid moths, Plodia interpunctella (Hubn.) and Ephestia cautella (Wlk.) on some selected food media. Insect Science and its Application, 11(2), 209-215.

Oyedokun, A.V., Omoloye, A. A., & Okelana, F.A. (2012). Assessment of the influence of artificial dietary supplements on aspects of biology of adult cocoa moth, Ephestia cautella. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences, 3(6), 25-30.

Abreu, J. M., & Williams, R. N. (1980). Monitoring Ephestia cautella in Brazilian cocoa warehouse with natural and synthetic pheromones. Revista Theobroma, 10(4), 187-192.

Yao, M. C., Lu, K. H., Wang, Y. T., & Lee, C. Y. (2007). Population fluctuations of insect pests of garlic bulbs (Allium sativum L.) in storehouses monitored with light traps and yellow sticky cards. Plant Protection Bulletin, 49(3), 171-185.

Srinivas, P. S., Singh, R. P. & Lawande, K. E. (2007). Integrated pest and disease management in onion and garlic. DOGR, Technical Bulletin, 17, 1-34.

Durak, I., Kavutcu, M., & Aytaç, B. (2004). Effects of garlic extract consumption on blood lipid and oxidant/antioxidant parameters in humans with high blood cholesterol. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 15(6), 373-377.

Showler, A. T., Anciso, J. R., & Castro, B. A. (2010). Effect of garlic extract on selected pests and yield of bell pepper, Capsicum annuum L. (var. Capistrano). Biopesticides International, 6 (1), 36-44.

Santhosha, S. G., Jamuna., P. & Prabhavathi, S. N. (2013). Bioactive components of garlic and their physiological role in health maintenance: A review. Food Bioscience, 3: 59-74.

Tsai, C. W., Chen, H. W., Le-HYPERLINK "https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211802011000374"YenSheen L.,HYPERLINK "https://www.science direct.com/science/article/pii/S2211802011000374"HYPERLINK "https://www.sciencedirect.com/ science/article/pii/ S2211802011000374"&HYPERLINK "https://www.science direct.com/science/article/pii/S2211802011000374"HYPERLINK "https://www.sciencedirect.com/ science/article/pii/ S2211802011000374" KueiLii, C. (2012). Garlic: Health benefits and actions. Biomedicine, 2(1), 17-29.

Manjunathagowda, D. C., Gopal, J., Archana, R., & Asiya, K. R. (2017). Virus–Free Seed Production of Garlic (Allium sativum L.): Status and Prospects. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(6), 2446-2456.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 Online ISSN: 2581-9127