Ephestia cautella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): An Emerging Pest of Garlic in Storage

V. Karuppaiah, Soumia P.S., Priyanka D. Wagh, Major Singh


Ephestia cautella (Walker) was recorded as new pest of garlic in storage. At first, pest infestation was noticed during August month in 30 days old harvested seed bulbs stored for next season. Pest activity observed throughout August-September month. The sampling for infestation at fortnight interval revealed that, maximum infestation up to 14 larvae in a sample was recorded at 45 days after storage (DAS). Presence of adult activity, webbed galleries and fecal matter in the stored bulbs were the mark of infestation. All the stages of the life cycle of the insects were observed on garlic. The total life cycle of moth last about 32.99 days while reared on garlic. The information on pest description, damage symptom and biology documented with this study would be helpful in early detection and monitoring of this pest on garlic at storage and future research to managing this emerging pest. This is a new record of E. cautella from Maharashtra.


Ephestia cautella, Tropical warehouse moth, Biology, Garlic pest, Storage

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